Monkeypox is basically a zoonotic disease. It is usually or mostly transmitted to people from wild animals such as rodents and primates. But it is very much possible to be transmitted from human to human.
Monkeypox cases are continuously rising in several countries of the world. We can consider this disease as a rare disease similar to the smallpox, which belongs to the proxy virus category. In fact, outside Africa, this is the first instance that the virus has been found.
Recently, The World Health Organisation declared Monkeypox as a public health emergency of international concern. In India, with few cases of the disease being reported, experts say there is no need to panic, as it is rarely fatal.
The origin of the Monkeypox disease
This disease got its name after an outbreak in 1958, among a group of monkeys which were laboratory tested inside a research facility in Denmark’s, Copenhagen. Monkeypox is not a Novel disease.
How can Monkeypox be passed on from person to person?
If there is physical contacts with a person with Monkeypox, then there are chances of getting spread on to. Physical contacts include : sexual activities, kissing, cuddling or holding hands. It can also spread through cough or sneeze of a person with Monkeypox when they are close to you. It can also be spread by touching or using clothes or towels used by someone infected with the disease.
Who are unlikely to catch Monkeypox disease?
Those persons who have not been in close contact of an infected person or if a person haven’t traveled to countries with high rates of cases of the disease then it is unlikely for the person to catch the disease.
Who are at risk of getting infected from the Monkeypox disease?
It is likely that almost anyone can get infected by the disease. But according to reports, most of the cases involved man who are bisexual or man who indulge in sexual activities with the same gender. Thus, it is very important for the people of this category to be highly aware particularly.
What are the primary symptoms of Monkeypox disease?
Monkeypox generally takes a week to up to three weeks for the early symptoms to appear in an infected person. The symptoms may include : high temperature, exhaustion, headache, muscle ache, backache, shivering etc. While a person has symptoms he/she can pass it on to another person too. A rash appears within a week after the primary symptoms appeared, which can then spread to other parts of the body as well.
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What treatment is available for Monkeypox?
Monkeypox is usually a self limiting disease, which means the symptoms may go away without any need of proper medical treatment. However that cannot be taken as a guaranteed criteria for every positive case of the disease. Some patients may require certain antibiotics and proper medical care to relief any pain that is usually involved along with it.
For that matter a new vaccine has also been approved to curb further spread and also for the prevention of the disease disease. Along with it small pox vaccines have also been proved effective to provide protection through demonstrations. However there can be limitations, as such vaccines are not widely available.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is this disease dreaded?
No, this disease is of low mortality.
Can i get infected by this disease?
Yes, anyone can get infected.
Can Covid 19 vaccine save me from this disease?
Is this disease a matter of high concern and panic? – To Conclude
Lastly, we can conclude that Monkeypox is defenitely a matter of concern, if not The World Health Organisation would not have declared this particular disease as a public health emergency of international concern. But awareness and knowledge among the people about the disease is the key, instead of panic as the disease is of low mortality.