Bapu, officially known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi was a great Indian personality who played a decisive role in India’s struggle for Independence. He was a lawyer, a politician, a social activists and also a writer.
Bapu was born on the 2nd of October 1869 at Porbandar, Gujarat india and he breathe his last when he was assassinated on the 30th of January 1948, the year after India’s Independence.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, on a rather lighter context, was not known to have a very good physique or a strong powerful man to fight for India’s freedom with all his might. But the dare and will power the man had in his heart was extraordinary, a man who never backed down to confront the Britishers (by confront, here we mean by means of Non Violence.)
Bapu doctrined the idea of Satyagraha (Truth) in his plight for the fight against the Colonial rule. He also played very important role in movements like the Non Cooperation Movement. The kind of personality he had and the role he played in India’s struggle for Independence he was conferred with the name ‘Mahatma” which means “Great Soul”, which he in fact was at that time in the eyes of millions of Indians.
The Beginning Of Bapu
Bapu trained and studied law in London. He never had any successful law practice career in India. After having tryed for almost over two years in India, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi moved to South Africa in the year 1893 as at that time an Indian merchant was in need of a law practitioner.
When he left India for South Africa, little did M.K. Gandhi knew that he would be spending the next 21 years of his life in South Africa.
Even during his stay in South Africa, M.K. Gandhi voiced for Civil Rights. Most of his policies, political views and ethics got moulded during his stay in South Africa.
The beginning of the revolutionary days and India’s Independence
Bapu returned to India in the year 1915. The return was also backed by congress leaders who wanted M.K. Gandhi’s role and presence in India. With his return he brought along with him a high reputation and strength which was international, as an Indian Nationalists.
This was the beginning where Bapu got introduced to the issues that India was facing during those time. Untill then he had no active involvement for an Indian cause.
It was at this juncture, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi joined the Congress. Gandhi started to know and learn the Indian Political scenerio and the Indian people particularly.
In the year 1920, Bapu took the formal leadership of the Indian National Congress. After becoming the leader, in his non cooperation movement, M.K. Gandhi, was also successful in gaining the support of the Muslim community of India.
It was also in a way a reason for Gandhi’s support of the Khilafat Movement, as initially it gained huge support of the Muslim community of India by this move of Gandhi.
Initially India declared Independence from the British rule in the year 1930. Even though this call was not recognized by the British, yet negotiations continued. By the year 1942, Bapu demanded for immediate independence along with other congressman.
This resulted of his imprisonment. This is how in the year 1947, the British diving India into Pakistan (with a Muslim majority population) and India (with a Hindu Majority.
In this way Independence was achieved and two separate sovereign entities were born, i,e. India and Pakistan.
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Frequently Asked Questions
When was M.K. Gandhi born?
Gandhi was born on 2nd of October 1869 at Porbandar, Gujarat, India.
The name Bapu was first used by?
The name Bapu was first used by Shubhas Chandra Bose, in the year 1944 during his address on the Singapore Radio.
What is the meaning of the word Mahatma?
Mahatma means Great Soul.
How many years did M.K. Gandhi spend in South Africa?
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi spent 21 years in South Africa.
The End Of Bapu
On the 30th of January 1948, right at the start of the next year after India’s Independence, Bapu was assassinated by Nathuram Godse. On the day when Bapu was attending a multi religion prayer meeting, Nathuram Godse, strong Hindu Natiionalist, fired three bullets on his chest from close range. It was the moment when Bapu breathe his last.
Bapu, who is also the father of the Indian Nation was one of the most important personalities, who had played the most vital role in the India’s struggle for Independence. On 2nd of October, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in India as the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. It is also a National Holiday in India.
Another important event marks this day, as 2nd of October is also celebrated as International Day Of Non Violence, as practiced by M.K.Gandhi. The name Bapu was first used by Netaji Shubhas Chandra Bose, in the year 1944 during his address on the Singapore Radio.